بهترین دکتر عمل بینی در یزد

Nose

    The technical term rhinoplasty, meaning a nose job, refers to the surgery done on the nose in order to improve the bone or cartilage with a broad range of purposes from medical reasons to enhance its function such as breathing problems or birth defects etc. to cosmetic reasons to change its appearance.

Nose Job Side Effects

    The nose surgery may contain some risks including:

    • Bleeding;
    • Infection;
    • The unpleasant reaction to the anesthesia;
    • Difficulties in breathing;
    • Permanent numbness in and around the nose;
    • Scarring.

Nose Job Procedure

    Generally, the rhinoplasty procedure is done in four ways:

    • Closed Rhinoplasty

    The closed rhinoplasty is regarded as the most common type of rhinoplasty that does not leave any external scars on the nose skin surface and all incisions are inside because the surgery is done inside the structure of the nose in a less-invasive way. However, the surgeon has no direct vision of the internal structure of the nose that can be regarded as a disadvantage of this method.

    • Open Rhinoplasty

    The open rhinoplasty is more suitable for those who want extra works to do on the nose. The incisions are done in the columella area on the skin between the nostrils. So, the open rhinoplasty is proposed if the direct vision to the internal structure of nose is required. The incisions and scars and swelling on the skin surface is regarded as the only disadvantage of the procedure.

    • Filler Rhinoplasty

    The Filler Rhinoplasty is a less common non-surgical procedure. It can be done by a dermatologist, cosmetic surgeon, physician assistant and also a general plastic surgeon. In this procedure, there will not be any incision and an injectable filler is used to modify a slight imperfection of the nose. However, this procedure includes some disadvantages such as it is regarded as a temporary treatment since the filler will absorb into the skin and the scars may leave permanently. In addition, due to necrosis of the nasal skin, the filler may obstruct the vessels.

    • Revision Rhinoplasty

    Actually, the revision rhinoplasty is done to correct the unpleasant results of the primary rhinoplasty. The major results for revision rhinoplasty are considered due to the nose’s appearance or breathing difficulties after the previous surgery.

    Nasal endoscopy refers to an examination procedure in which sinus and nasal passages, as well as the connected structures are viewed with an endoscope, a flexible or rigid tube with a high-quality camera at the end, which is inserted through the nose to provide images of the nasal cavity. However, it is mostly considered a well-tolerated procedure due to using local anesthesia to control the pain.

When Is a Nasal Endoscopy Needed?

    Otolaryngologists might recommend the nasal endoscopy in the following common conditions:

    • Nasal congestion;
    • Nasal blockage;
    • Nosebleeds;
    • Sinusitis;
    • Nasal polyps;
    • Nasal tumors;
    • Inability to smell properly;
    • Pain around the eyes and sinuses.

    In the following we will concentrate on two of these problems: nasal polyps and sinusitis in details.

Nasal Polyps

    Nasal polyps refer to soft, painless benign yellowish-brown or pink tumors hanging down from anywhere throughout the lining of the nose or sinuses occurring in both sides singly or in clusters. They are in the form of grapes; however, different in size. The disorder is more common among men than women and it can appear at any age.

Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

    Nasal polyps may often reveal no symptoms. However, the main symptoms can include:

    • Nasal congestion;
    • Runny nose;
    • Breathing through the mouth;
    • Reduced sense of smell or taste;
    • Nosebleeds;
    • Snoring;
    • Sleep apnea.

Nasal Polyps Causes

    The certain causes of nasal polyps remain unclear. However, the factors including chronic inflammation in the nose or sinuses, different kinds of allergies, asthma and drug sensitivity are usually considered to play an effective role in developing nasal polyps.

Nasal Polyps Treatment

    Nasal sprays containing steroids and nose drops are usually recommended to reduce the inflammation of small polyps. However, medications such as steroid tablets are used to treat the larger and more sever polyps. If the other treatments do not work well and the problem still remains, performing a nasal endoscopy in an outpatient way is required. If left untreated, nasal polyps can cause some problems such as obstruct breathing, a stuffy nose as well as a decrease in the sense of smell.

Sinusitis

    Sinusitis or rhinosinusitis (RS) refers to the common condition in which the sinuses are involved. Sinuses are small spaces filled with air inside the nose and head and are responsible for producing mucus. They can become swollen and inflamed as fluid and germs causing infection block them. If the sinuses are blocked, sinusitis occurs.

Sinusitis Types

    Sinusitis occur in different types depending on how long the symptoms last. Different types of sinusitis include:

    • Acute Sinusitis is considered the most common one that usually continue up to 4 weeks;
    • Patient with Subacute Sinusitis deals with the symptoms for 4 to 12 weeks;
    • The symptoms in Chronic Sinusitis go on and appear continually to 12 weeks or even longer than it.

Sinusitis Symptoms

    The symptoms will be different according to the type of sinusitis happened, the most common of which include the followings:

    • Facial pain and swelling particularly around cheeks, eyes and forehead;
    • Reduced sense of smell;
    • Blocked nose;
    • Fever;
    • Difficulty in breathing;
    • Discolored nasal discharge;
    • Toothache;
    • Headache.

Sinusitis Causes

    Usually sinusitis follows the spread of the cold or flu virus to the sinuses. Infection, nasal polyps, allergies, a weakened immune system and even using tobacco products are considered the effective factors in causing sinusitis.

Sinusitis Treatment

    Sinusitis usually relieves by resting, taking over-the-counter painkillers, using nasal decongestant sprays, holding warm pads on the face as well as cleaning the inside of the nose regularly in early weeks. If the symptoms continue, doctors usually recommend antibiotics, corticosteroid sprays or drops to improve the condition. However, when the treatments do not seem helpful, the nasal endoscopy surgery is needed to remove and drain the infection of sinuses.

ENT (ear, nose, and throat) Specialists in Yazd

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