Type 1 diabetes is known as the autoimmune disease and happens due to the lack of insulin. Actually, in Type 1 Diabetes, the body does not make insulin. The immune system attacks and destroys beta cells in pancreas which are responsible for producing insulin. Patients with type 1 diabetes need daily insulin injections.
If the body does not use insulin in an effective way, Type 2 Diabetes occurs. In this condition, patient’s body resists to the insulin produced in the blood. Without enough insulin, glucose remains in blood. When insulin production decreases, it causes the high blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes happens due to the genetics issues, decreased insulin level, or the inability of the body to produce insulin properly. It is considered the more common type.
Gestational diabetes refers to the high blood glucose occuring during pregnancy. This type of diabetes mostly is resolved following giving birth. However, most women with gestational diabetes may experience type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes occur rapidly, maybe through some weeks. While those of type 2 diabetes develop slowly and over time. The process may take several years even some patients with type 2 diabetes may have no particular symptoms.
However, the main symptoms of diabetes include:
Blood cancers make these three kinds of cells grow in an uncontrolled way and produce the abnormal blood cells. This affects the functions of blood cells and causes the patient experience some problems such as severe bleeding and infection.
Leukemia refers to the condition that the white blood cells grow rapidly. However, these abnormal cells cannot fight the infections. Moreover, they affect the bone marrow’ function and disturb the production of other blood cells. According to the kind of white blood cell, Leukemia is divided into four types including Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL), Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), and Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML).
Lymphoma affects the lymphatic system and increases the blood cells in an uncontrolled way. Lymphocytes is a kind of white blood cell that organizes the excess fluids of the body. These excess cells change immune cells over time. They create some disorders on the function of lymphatic system and produces immune cells. Lymphoma involves two major types: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
This kind of blood cancer is connected with the plasma cells that produce the antibodies. Myeloma cells damage the plasma cells, prevent the production of antibodies and develop the antibodies which are not able to fight the infections. It is also called the multiple myeloma due to its spread to most parts of the body.
Stem cell transplantation refers to the procedure in which healthy blood forming stem cells replace those destroyed by the cancer.
In chemotherapy, the anticancer drugs are used to stop the cancerous cells growth in a set of regimens. Additionally, chemotherapy may be used before a stem cell transplantation.
In this method, the cancer cells can be destroyed by the high energy radiations.