بهترین دکتر جراح استخوان و مفاصل یزد

Joints

    Arthritis or Osteoarthritis refers to a common chronic condition dealing with the joints of the body. Actually, it results when the cartilage covering the end of bones breaks down or damages and the body cannot recover the joints. The cartilage makes it possible for the bones to move easily against each other. As a result of arthritis, the cartilage becomes thin and rougher. So, the bones movements will be with difficulties as well as pain and swelling. Each joint of the body can be damaged; however, it mostly affects those of hands, knees, hips and spine due to the high daily activities.

Arthritis Symptoms

    As it was stated, it can affect every joints of the body. The symptoms of arthritis depend on the joints involved and the extent of the disease development. The symptoms are mostly felt more during or after the movements and physical activities. Here, some of the common signs of arthritis are is mentioned including:

    • Pain;
    • Tenderness;
    • Stiffness;
    • Grating sensation;
    • Bone spurs;
    • Swollen joints;
    • Movement restrictions.

Arthritis Causes

    The exact cause making the cartilage damaged and arthritis is not clear, but they can be developed due to a number of factors are considered the most effective ones including:

    • Age;
    • Gender;
    • Genetic factors;
    • General weakness of the body;
    • Side effects of the drugs;
    • Obesity;
    • Joint injuries.

Prevention of Arthritis

    Generally, it is believed that there is no prevention or certain treatment for arthritis. However, preventing risk factors may postpone the disease. Here, There are some proposed tips recommended to reduce the risk of arthritis:

    • Maintaining a healthy weight;
    • Controlling blood sugar;
    • Avoiding joint injury;
    • Avoiding occupational hazards;
    • Doing daily exercise and physical activity;
    • Lifting and bending the right way.

    The hip makes a wide range of body activities possible. Sometimes the movements may be restricted. It can result in the damaged cartilage caused by arthritis (Osteoarthritis) or the inflammatory conditions, congenital problems etc. The patient experiences a severe pain in the hip. The hip joint is also called the ball and socket joint. Hip replacement procedure includes removing the damaged cartilage and replacing the artificial one. Actually, the damaged cartilage is cut and the new ball-part is attached to the socket part of the hipbone. The artificial versions are made from a metal, plastic or ceramic materials. This artificial joint usually lasts for 15 to 20 years. There is not any restrictions about the age for having hip replacement procedure. However, the younger patients have greater chance to new joint transplantation.

Hip Replacement Advantages

    The hip replacement surgery is performed to relieve the painful hip joint and improve body activities and flexibility. For many people, a new hip has meant a new lease of life that make more changes in one’s life and has developed the quality of their lives. These are regarded as the main advantages of the hip replacement procedure.

Hip Replacement Disadvantages

    The disadvantages revealed through the hip replacement can include:

    • The artificial joint replacing the natural one;
    • A further surgery required after 15 or 20 years;
    • A limited range of movement.

Hip Replacement Complications

    Like all kinds of surgeries, there are some complications for the hip replacement procedure including:

    • Blood clots;
    • Bleeding;
    • Dislocation;
    • Difference in the length of the legs;
    • Infection.

    When the nonsurgical treatments such as medications and physical therapy do not reduce the shoulder severe pain and patients are unable to do their daily activities, shoulder replacement surgery is recommended. It is considered less common procedure than knee and hip replacements.

    The shoulder joint connects the upper arm to the body. It includes three bones, the upper arm bone or humerus, the shoulder blade called scapula, and the collarbone or clavicle. The shoulder structure is a kind of ball-and-socket joint. The head of the upper arm bone is considered the ball part and the socket refers to the shoulder blade. In shoulder replacement procedure, the damaged parts are removed and the artificial versions are inserted into.

Shoulder Joint Replacement Types

    The shoulder joint replacement includes three types:

    • Total shoulder replacement which is the most common type. Total shoulder replacement replaces the ball with a metal one and a plastic surface covers the socket.
    • Partial shoulder replacement refers to the ball replacement.
    • Reverse shoulder replacement refers to a procedure in which both the ball and socket are  replaced. The metal ball is connected to the shoulder bones and the socket is inserted at the top of the arm.

Shoulder Replacement Advantages

    Shoulder joint replacement surgery provides great results and important effects on the patient’s quality of life through relieving the pain, increasing the comfort, as well as improving the range of shoulder movements. The procedure also enjoys a short recovery time. So, the patients can return to the everyday life soon.

Shoulder Replacement Side Effects

    Shoulder joint replacement is useful for relieving pain. However, the replacement procedure includes complications such as:

    • Infection;
    • Bleeding;
    • Dislocation;
    • Nerve Injury;
    • Loosening of the replaced parts (after some years).

    The knee is regarded as the largest joint in the body. Knee replacement surgery or knee arthroplasty refers to the procedure of resurfacing the damaged area because in this procedure, only the surface of the knee bones is replaced. The artificial versions used to cover the knee joint are made from metal and plastic parts.

Knee Replacement Symptoms

    If the medical treatments are not effective, knee replacement procedure is recommended and the surgery is performed to modify leg deformities, relieve the pain and resume the ability of doing daily activities. Here are some conditions leading to knee replacement including:

    • Severe pain and stiffness;
    • Knee pain while resting;
    • Swollen knee;
    • The knee is bowed or has other defects;
    • Knee deformities.

Knee Replacement Advantages

    Although the knee replacement may not resume the entire ability for normal lifestyle, it has a significant role in the patient’s life and can be truly effective in performing daily activities. It should be noted that some factors like the age, sex, etc. do not have an important role for doing the procedure. The effective factors in performing the surgery are the extent of pain as well as the patient’s conditions.

Knee Replacement Disadvantages

    The possible disadvantages of knee replacement procedure include:

    • The artificial knee rather than the natural one;
    • Replaced joints become damaged over time;
    • Difficulties in movements such as bending the leg, jumping, etc.;
    • Numbness.

Risks Factors

    Like all medical procedures, the knee replacement surgery includes some complications. However, risks factors of knee replacement procedure mostly depend on the general health of the patient.

    Major risk factors that can occur after the surgery are:

    • Bleeding;
    • Infection;
    • Blood clots;
    • Implant problems such as loosening the replaced parts;
    • Nerve injury;
    • Fracture;
    • Pain and stiffness.

Osteopaths in Yazd

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