بهترین جراح ستون فقرات در یزد

Spinal Cord

    Discectomy refers to a procedure in which lumbar (low back) herniated disc material is removed due to the pressure it has on the nerve root or the spinal cord. Discectomy is most effective in relieving the pain of the arms or legs rather than that of back or neck. It is used if the nonsurgical treatments do not achieve any especial success. However, the surgical progresses make discectomy to be done with the improved and less invasive processes.

    Microdiscectomy is a kind of discectomy in which a special monitor is used to show the procedure of the surgery with the better quality of vision allowing the surgeon to performs a small incision. However, discectomy is not regarded as a permanent treatment and the recurrences of pain is a common issue after the surgery.

    It must be mentioned that the disease can be prevented if you follow some techniques such as proper lifting techniques and gestures during the daily activities, gaining a healthy weight, management of stress and avoiding smoking.

Why Is Discectomy Done?

    The discectomy is done to relieve the pain caused by pressure on the herniated disk. It is recommended in conditions when:

    • the patient suffers from the remarkable pain, weakness and numbness in the areas of the back and feet that creates some problems in his/her standing, walking and the other daily activities;
    • the non-surgical treatments for example physical therapy or steroid injections do not resolve the problems after at least 4 weeks.

Discectomy Complications

    Similar to other surgical procedures, discectomy may include complications such as:

    • The procedure may not result in any better condition than other treatments;
    • The surgery may cause the spinal fluid leaks;
    • Bleeding;
    • Infection;
    • Fatigue;
    • Damage to the spine and the tissues around.

Discectomy Restrictions

    There will be some restrictions for the patient after the surgery. Thus, after the surgery, the patient should prevent following activities for at least two weeks:

    • Bending, lifting any object, driving and twisting;
    • The intensive activities including yardwork, housework and having sex;
    • Smoking as well as drinking alcohol simultaneous to taking narcotic medication.

    Laminectomy is a surgical process concerned with removing the lamina, the part of the bone covering the vertebral arch in the spine, in order to decrease the pressure that leads to pain, numbness and tingling in the arms and feet. So, the patient is faced with some problems in daily activities. If the symptoms are not resolved by non-surgical treatments, Laminectomy is suggested which can be performed along with  other operations for example discectomy.

Why Is A Laminectomy Performed?

    Laminectomy is mostly performed in order to relieve pressure on the nerve roots or the spinal cord that is mostly caused by disk herniation, narrowing of the canal (spinal stenosis) and tumors.

Laminectomy Complications

    Like all surgeries, there may be some risks following the laminectomy surgery including:

    • Bleeding;
    • Blood clots in the legs;
    • Infection particularly the chest or skin infection;
    • Weakness and numbness;
    • Delayed instability;
    • Damage to a spinal nerve;
    • Back pain recurrence;
    • Nerve damage;
    • Cerebrospinal fluid leak;
    • Bowel or bladder incontinence.

    These complications will be more serious for those who smoke or have diabetes.

Laminectomy Surgery Advantages

    Most of the patients who experience laminectomy perceive some changes in their ability to perform the daily activities due to the significant relieving of pain which affects on the all aspects of body’s activities leads to increasing mobility, fewer nerve symptoms etc. that improve the quality of life.
    The spinal deformity refers to the varied curvatures problems of the spine that are mainly grouped as the coronal deformities and the sagittal plane deformities. These deformities can be seen in all ages and genders. The spinal osteotomy describes the surgical procedure of spinal reconstructive with the aim of achieving stability, repairing spinal deformities and correcting the spinal balance as well as relieving the pain, numbness and weakness. Through the surgery, a part of the spinal bone is cut to correct the spinal alignment in the right position. Spine osteotomy is usually the best option when the symptoms do not respond well to the nonsurgical processes. The symptoms in older patients will be pain and neurological problems; however, the spinal osteotomy may be performed on the young patients because of the cosmetic reasons.

Osteotomy Surgical Techniques

    The Spinal Osteotomy includes various surgical techniques which are determined according to the location of the deformities and the extent the correction is required. The techniques are mostly classified in three main categories including Smith-Petersen Osteotomy (SPO), Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy (PSO) and Vertebral Column Resection Osteotomy (VCR).

Spine Specialists in Yazd

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