Surrogacy in Iran

What Is Surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a form of third-party reproduction in which a woman agrees to carry a pregnancy for an infertile couple who cannot conceive for medical reasons.

Types of Surrogacy

Surrogacy is one of the methods of assisted reproduction that is performed using the uterus of a gestational surrogate. There are two types of surrogacy such as Traditional and Gestational which are introduced as follows:

Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational Surrogacy, also known as Full Surrogacy, is carried out using in vitro fertilization (IVF). In this method, eggs and sperm are taken from an infertile couple and after being fertilized in the laboratory environment, are transferred into the surrogate mother’s uterus. Therefore, the fetus is biologically related to intended parents and the surrogate mother is considered the third parent.

Traditional Surrogacy

In contrast, traditional surrogacy is a procedure through which a surrogate uses her own eggs to conceive, with sperm from an intended or commissioning father. As a result, the baby is biologically related to the surrogate mother and intended father.

Surrogacy Benefits

Why Is Surrogacy Needed?

The first baby conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) was born at Yazd Reproductive Sciences Institute in 1990. After the invention of the IVF method, physicians faced a new problem. In some cases, although infertile couples produced good germ cells and healthy embryos were grown in the laboratory, the embryos failed to implant or were aborted. The issue of IVF surrogacy was raised here. Through IVF surrogacy, instead of using the intended mother's uterus, the resulting embryo is transferred into the surrogate mother’s uterus who is in normal and good health condition. The third party or surrogate mother is also called the mediating mother. In fact, use of a surrogate mother's uterus can solve some of the problems of IVF failure.

In normal condition, sperm cell meets an egg cell in the fallopian tube. At this time, the fertilization takes place and the newly fertilized cell, called zygote, arrives in the uterus after three days and implants into the uterine lining. At this stage, the pregnancy begins. On the other hand, in IVF procedure, fertilization is performed under a microscope through which a sperm is inoculated into the egg. Once the zygote cell is formed in the laboratory and begins to divide, which will be in stage 7 or 10, it will be transferred into the uterus. It should be noted that a successful IVF process depends on several factors which include:

  • Normal male gametes;
  • Normal female gametes;
  • A healthy uterus.

If for any reason it is not possible to transfer the embryo to the intended mother's uterus, a surrogate mother’s uterus can be used. Therefore, IVF procedure is performed using a surrogate's uterus. In this method, the egg taken from the intended mother is joined with the sperm taken from the intended father in a laboratory environment. The doctor then instead of using the intended mother's uterus, transfers the resulting zygote to the surrogate’s uterus where the fetal development takes place until birth.

Surrogacy in Iran

Iran is one of the leading countries in offering fertility treatments. There are fertility treatment centers in Iran that provide a variety of advanced treatment methods for infertile couples. Iran’s brilliant history in offering several different types of treatments to achieve pregnancy as well as a high level of satisfaction in this regard, have made this country a hub for fertility treatment in the Middle East.

Surrogacy in Iran

Surrogacy is one of the most popular assisted reproduction techniques that is offered to infertile couples. As you may know surrogacy is considered illegal in some countries, so many infertile couples travel to other countries to receive this service. It seems that the cost of performing surrogacy in Iran is lower than other countries which is a great reason for many foreign couples to choose Iran as their treatment destination.

Surrogacy Laws by Iran

Surrogacy in Iran is legal both commercially and altruistically. This has led many infertile couples from the Middle East and even European countries to choose Iran for performing surrogacy due to the legal easiness. You have to stay about 15 days to 1 month in Iran, in the case you don’t want to stay with the surrogate during her pregnancy. It also should be noted that Iranian law doesn’t permit the practice of surrogate in Iran for single people, lesbians or gays.

Iran is one of the leading countries in offering fertility treatments.

Who Is a Good Candidate for IVF Surrogacy?

It is important to note that since IVF failure has many causes, couples who had an unsuccessful first and second IVF cycle are not necessarily suitable candidates for IVF surrogacy. On the other hand, intrauterine problems are not always the reason for going through surrogacy, while in some women with prolonged exposure to certain diseases, the doctor may prescribe this method. In such cases, a woman is not allowed to get pregnant due to the use of certain medications that are contraindicated in pregnancy and going through nine months of pregnancy can be dangerous for her; however, she can use her germ cells to develop healthy egg cells.

Surrogacy is a good option for women with the following health problems:

  • Having uterine problems;
  • Having no history of hysterectomy;
  • Having history of rough curettage;
  • Women with heart diseases;
  • Women with kidney diseases;
  • Women with rheumatic diseases;
  • Women with rare diseases.

Who Is a Good Candidate for IVF Surrogacy?

Surrogate Mother Health Requirements

  • Being under the age of 35;
  • Not being single;
  • Not being breastfeeding;
  • Being in good physical, mental and emotional conditions;
  • Not using orphan drugs;
  • Not having diseases in which pregnancy is dangerous for both mother and fetus;
  • Having at least one experience of successfully terminating a pregnancy;
  • Having no history of miscarriage, preterm delivery, high blood pressure, gestational diabetes and severe pregnancy complications;
  • Not being infected with diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis, etc. (both surrogate mother and her husband);
  • Not being addicted (both surrogate mother and her husband);
  • Providing an ultrasound scan for a healthy ovarian approved by the treating physician.

Does a Surrogate Mother Share Blood with the Baby?

In gestational surrogacy, a baby’s DNA comes from his or her biological parents. Half comes from the mother, and half from the father. Therefore, the only blood communication between the surrogate mother and fetus is through the placenta. In fact, the surrogate mother only carries the baby until birth. There will definitely be an emotional connection between the surrogate mother and the fetus, but there will not be any biological relations.

Surrogate Mother Health Requirements

Surrogacy Benefits

  • Surrogacy helps childless couples to reach their long-standing dream of having baby which leads to the survival of the family. This will pave the way for reducing the divorce rates and solving the problems of infertile couples in this regard;
  • The baby produced through this method has all the characteristics of its parents genetically. Therefore, Surrogacy is possibly the best-known alternative family-building method than adoption;
  • This method helps women who do not have ovulation problems and have other fertility problems to get pregnant;
  • From a jurisprudential point of view, a child raised through Surrogacy is considered legitimate.

Problems with Surrogacy

  • This method is not yet accepted by the society and many people are unaware about it. As a result, there is not a proper social view toward the person who carries a baby for an infertile couple;
  • The surrogate mother and her family, as well as the intended parents may go through many psychological problems;
  • The possibility of legal, financial and medical abuse in this method has not been ruled out which is claimed by the expansion of the brokerage market in this area.

Surrogacy Requirements

  • surrogacy requires a letter of recommendation from a gynecologist in which the need to use surrogacy is stated;
  • Parents should not have diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis, etc.;
  • Parents should not be addicted;
  • An ultrasound scan of ovarian volume and ovarian reserve is needed which should be approved by the treating physician.

An ultrasound scan of ovarian volume and ovarian reserve is needed  for surrogacy

Legal Processes for Surrogacy in Iran

Initially, the surrogate mother, along with her spouse and the intended parents, should be consulted by a specialist over several sessions in order to obtain sufficient legal and medical information. Both parties should also go through clinical laboratory evaluation in order to be tested not to have infectious diseases and also be in a good mental health.

Finally, an agreement between the infertile couple and a woman who agrees to conceive, develop, and deliver the baby to the couple, is concluded in the form of a contract.

The parties to the contract are an infertile couple on one hand and the surrogate mother on the other. In a surrogate contract, a woman as a surrogate mother agrees, at the request of a couple, to carry the fetus in her uterus and fulfill other agreements mentioned in the contract in order to give birth to the baby and deliver it to its intended parents. In addition, this contract will specify the payment method for nine months of carrying the baby and medical expenses during this period. It should also be noted that the surrogate mother does not have any rights over the baby.

Islamic View of Surrogacy

Is Surrogacy Allowed in Islam?

As you may know, although the practice of surrogate is not allowed in most Islamic countries, it is allowed in Iran. Most Shiite scholars have issued fatwas that declares surrogacy is allowed in Islam and can be used as a fertility treatment for legal couples. On the other hand, most of Sunni scholars agreed that surrogacy is not permitted in Islam. So, we recommend if you wish to use surrogacy, obtain necessary information about fatwā of your marji' taqlīd.

Is Traditional Surrogacy Allowed in Islam?

Some Islamic scholars think that traditional surrogacy is not allowed in Islam. They believe that due to the use of the surrogate mother’s egg in this method, the child born is considered illegitimate. This group of scholars concern if the surrogate mother marries after surrogacy process, her children will be mahram to the child that she delivers to the intended family.

Is Gestational Surrogacy Allowed in Islam?

Most of the Islam scholars have verified gestational surrogacy and there are just a few of them that reject it. They approve this type of surrogacy since the egg is obtained from the intended mother herself. So, the child belongs to his/her intended parents according to Sharia.

Surrogacy Cost in Iran

Surrogacy cost is often determined by an agreement between the two parties. In some cases, people prefer to use their relatives’ uterus to reduce costs. In addition, you will be required to pay a fee for the administration, coordination and support throughout the treatment process.

It is recommended that the intended parents provide the welfare and nutritional services as well as favorable mental and emotional conditions for the surrogate mother to help her give birth to a healthier baby. As you may know, anxiety and depression as well as malnutrition are considered harmful factors during pregnancy and endangers the fetus.

Surrogacy is a form of third-party reproduction in which a woman agrees to carry a pregnancy for an infertile couple

Overall, if you are considering to do the surrogacy in Iran and still have questions in this regard, you can contact us for further information. We support and help you to find quickly and easily the right specialist for your needs! We offer the best clinics and doctors in field of IVF surrogacy. To book an appointment with a doctor, begin here.

Contact Us

Contact us for a free initial consultation about cosmetic and medical treatments in Iran


2 comment

  • پیش فرض

    Salam, man Mohammad hastam va az sued bahatun tamas migiram. Khanomam nemitune bachedar beshe va ma mikhaim bebinim chetore age ma biaim Iran va az Surrogacy estefade konim.

    Mamnon misham age yekam toziad bedid baraye kasai ke az kharej mian?

    Ba salam,

    • پیش فرض
      مژده جعفری زاده

      Hello. In order to find detailed information about the surrogacy process in Iran, please contact us on WhatsApp at 00989223401365.

Your comment