Rhinoplasty Surgery Procedure: Step by StepFacial Plastic Surgery
A beautiful nose with a lifted tip and a small bridge can improve everyone's look. Today, various surgical and non-surgical methods can enhance your facial harmony and improve your nasal function by eliminating deficiencies. Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure that not only reshapes your nose but also corrects its structural defects. This article discusses a nose job's preparation, procedure, aftercare, etc., and provides tips about nose surgery.
What Is Rhinoplasty Surgery?
A rhinoplasty or nose job surgery is one of the world's most common and popular cosmetic surgery procedures. It involves a surgical procedure on the nose that deals with changing its shape or improving its function.
During nose surgery, certain nose parts (bone and cartilage) are changed to make them more compatible with other parts of the face. Rhinoplasty is associated with maintaining the proper respiratory function, meaning that not only does the patient not get into trouble breathing after the surgery, but also, if there is a breathing problem, it will improve.
Best Candidate for Rhinoplasty Surgery
Anyone applying for rhinoplasty may not be a good candidate for nose surgery. A good candidate for nose surgery should:
- Be physically healthy and don't have serious medical conditions or illnesses;
- Be mentally healthy. People with severe psychological problems such as depression are not ideal candidates;
- Be at least 18 years old;
- Have elastic skin with average thickness;
- Have a full-grown nose;
- Not be a smoker;
- Have a clear and realistic expectation of the surgery;
- Be able to take at least one week off from work.
Rhinoplasty Surgery: How to Get Prepared
Before undergoing rhinoplasty, you need to consider the following tips:
- Take the necessary lab tests and X-rays and provide the results to your surgeon a week before the surgery;
- Consult with your doctor about your expectations about nose surgery and desired results;
- Ask your surgeon to inform you about the potential risks and complications of a nose job;
- Mentally prepare yourself for nose surgery. You can use meditation and deep breathing techniques to reduce your stress;
- Buy the things you will need after the surgery, such as a u-shaped pillow, ice packs, saline spray, tissue, and wet wipe, etc., in advance;
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol from two weeks before the nose job;
- Do not take ibuprofen and blood thinners such as aspirin before the surgery;
- Avoid taking herbal supplements, vitamin E capsules, fish oil, and anti-inflammatory drugs before rhinoplasty as they increase the chance of bleeding;
- Provide a complete medical history and if you have drug allergies, inform your surgeon before the surgery;
- Use more fluids and nutrients;
- Take a bath before the operation and do not eat or drink from 8 hours before the surgery;
- Wear front-closure clothes and avoid wearing tight and uncomfortable clothes;
- Avoid wearing makeup and jewellery on the day of the operation;
- Shave your beard and moustaches with a razor to prevent infection; and
- Ask a family member or a friend to be your caregiver when you are in the hospital.
The procedure of rhinoplasty surgery depends on several factors, such as the shape of the nose, the structure of the nose, the expectations of the patient, and the discretion of the surgeon. In general, rhinoplasty is done in two ways: open and closed.
In open rhinoplasty, done under general anesthesia, the surgeon makes an incision between the nostrils and lifts the nasal skin. By doing so, they have more access to the inner part of the nose and can shape its structure more precisely. Once the structure and shape of the nose are changed, the skin of the nose is returned to its place, and the incision is sutured. In most cases, the nose will be covered by a splint and gauze bandage to reduce bleeding and prevent nasal injury. These bandages and splints will be removed a few days after the nose surgery by your healthcare provider.
In closed rhinoplasty, done under general or local anesthesia, the surgeon makes incisions inside the nostrils to separate the skin from the cartilage. After reshaping the nose by shaving the nasal bone, the incisions are sutured by absorbable stitches, and the patient is transferred to the recovery room. It is noteworthy that closed rhinoplasty takes less time and its recovery period is shorter.
How Long Does Rhinoplasty Take?
Generally, open rhinoplasty takes almost three hours, and closed rhinoplasty takes between one to two hours. It also takes two to three hours for you to regain your consciousness in the recovery room. Since nose surgery is mainly done under general anesthesia, your vital signs will be monitored for a couple of hours in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Then, you will be transferred to the general ward, where you should stay a night. The next day, the doctor will check your nose, and if everything is normal, you will be discharged.
What Should I Expect After Getting Rhinoplasty?
For a few days after rhinoplasty, your nose is stuffed, and you cannot breathe through it; however, you should avoid inserting a cotton swab or finger inside your nose as it causes injury and more swelling. Also, while the tip of your nose is numb for a few days, the skin of other parts of the nose is itchy and painful. Remember that the nasal skin is sensitive to touch for a couple of days after the nose surgery, so scratching or hitting it will cause more pain. It probably takes a few months for your nasal skin to return entirely to normal after rhinoplasty.
When the splints are removed, your healthcare provider will teach you how to tape your nose. You should constantly tape your nose for the next few months to achieve the best results from your nose surgery.
The duration of the rhinoplasty recovery period depends on the type and severity of the surgery. On average, the recovery time of open rhinoplasty is between four to six weeks, while the recovery period of closed rhinoplasty is much shorter. Although the bruising around your eyes and nose fades away 10 to 15 days after the operation, the swelling may last for a year or more. Whether you undergo open or closed rhinoplasty, you can get back to work ten days after the nose surgery.
After Rhinoplasty: Step by Step
If you wonder what happens after rhinoplasty and how you should take care of your nose after the surgery, read the following passage.
- Right after the nose job
After the nose job surgery, doctors will wrap up your nose, and two tampons are put inside your nasal cavity to prevent bleeding. Meanwhile, your caregiver must put a cold compress around your eyes and forehead to minimize the swelling and bruising around your nose.
After the nose surgery, you can only drink water and juice. Early hydration after rhinoplasty flushes anesthesia from your blood flow and helps you regain your consciousness sooner. Feeling nauseous and dizzy is also common after rhinoplasty and can be controlled with the help of anti-nausea medications.
- At home (or hotel)
If everything goes well, you will be discharged from the hospital 24 hours after the operation. Since your face is bandaged and your eyes are half-closed, you cannot drive, so you need to ask someone to drive you home. At home, you should eat soft dishes and drink lukewarm fluids. Sleep in the supine position and put a few pillows under your head to suit your convenience.
- A couple of days after rhinoplasty surgery
Eating easy-to-chew dishes for one or two days after a nose job is suggested. Mincing and smashing food can also help you swallow your food more efficiently. Do not wash your face for a few days after the nose job because you may get your splint and bandages wet. When the splints are removed and the bandages are unwrapped, you can take a shower and wash your face. For some days after rhinoplasty, you may feel tightness and pressure in your nose, which is entirely normal. When the internal splints and tampons are removed from your nostrils, you will feel less pressure on your nose and breathe through your nose again.
- Weeks after the nose job
When the swelling and bruising have healed and the cast and sutures have been removed, your surgeon may prescribe repairing ointments to reduce suture marks under your nose.
Taping the nose after nose surgery is of great importance because it prevents extra swelling and fixes the position of the tip of the nose. Usually, the patients have to tape their noses for up to 12 weeks. In the following weeks after rhinoplasty, you need to visit your surgeon frequently to get the position of your nose, its shape, and its cavity checked.
What to Eat After Nose Job?
About four hours after the nose job surgery, you can have non-acidic beverages and soft dishes such as apple juice and soup. You can eat regular soft foods like mashed potatoes and scrambled eggs the day after the nose surgery.
For two weeks, avoid foods and fruits that require biting, chewing, and heavy jaw movement, such as apples, raw carrots, celery, chips, nuts, corn on the cob, etc. Also, it is recommended to avoid having milk, sour juices, spicy dishes, foods with too much sodium, and beverages with caffeine for a couple of days after the nose surgery, as they may cause digestive problems and increase nasal swelling.
What Not to Do after Rhinoplasty?
After rhinoplasty, you should consider the following tips in order to minimize the side effects and speed up the healing process.
- Avoid strenuous activities and sports such as weight-lifting, swimming, mountain climbing, cycling, wrestling, etc.;
- Avoid taking a shower as long as there are splints on your nose;
- Avoid sexual intercourse;
- Avoid pushing, pulling, and lifting heavy objects;
- Avoid bending your head;
- Do not blow your nose;
- Avoid crowded places where there is the possibility of getting hit in the nose;
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol;
- Do not wear glasses and tight face masks until your doctor allows you to;
- Avoid sun exposure;
- Do not sneeze or cough;
- Do not laugh or cry hard; and
- Don't drink through straws.
The final result of rhinoplasty will be apparent when the swelling is subsided, i.e., almost a year after the operation. The good news is that the major swelling and discolouration will fade away three months after the nose surgery, so you can see the actual result of the surgery from the third month onwards. Keep your face relaxed, avoid sun exposure, and tape your nose as instructed to shorten this period.
Possible Side Effects of Rhinoplasty
Some of the common side effects of rhinoplasty include:
- Bleeding and infection: these are the most common complications of rhinoplasty, which can be eliminated by taking or avoiding some medications. For instance, your doctor probably asks you to cut off the inflammatory medications if you have frequent nosebleeds after a nose job. Also, if you have a nasal infection, you should use antibiotic pills or ointments to reduce it.
- Breathing problems: if the nose becomes too small during the surgery, the patient will have a breathing problem, especially when sleeping. To solve this problem, most surgeons offer performing revision rhinoplasty.
- Scarring: in both open and closed rhinoplasty, scarring is possible. To minimize the scars and their complications (such as changing the contour of the nose), the doctor prescribes specific ointments.
- Swelling and bruising: these two are inevitable side effects of rhinoplasty, which will be subsided over time. However, you can get rid of them sooner by putting ice compressions on them three times a day and elevating your head when sleeping.
There are also other complications after nose surgery, such as:
- Hematoma or accumulation of blood under the skin;
- Allergy to anesthetics;
- Rupture of a small blood vessel on the skin;
- Asymmetry of the nostrils; and
- Mild pain for a few days after surgery.
Is Rhinoplasty Painful?
Generally speaking, rhinoplasty is almost a painless procedure. Some patients who have undergone open rhinoplasty have reported mild pain in the nasal area and felt the pressure inside their nose for a week after the operation. Also, the bruising and swelling around the eyes may be sensitive to the touch for a couple of days. Fortunately, the pain after the nose job is moderate and can be controlled by medication.
When Should I Call the Doctor after Rhinoplasty?
You should be aware of the warning signs during the rhinoplasty recovery period. In case of having any of the following symptoms, call your doctor ASAP:
- Severe pain which cannot be controlled by medication;
- Abnormal swelling;
- Yellow or green pus discharging from the incision site;
- Bad smell coming out of the incisions; and
- Constant nosebleed.
It would help if you remembered that bruising and swelling are normal and inevitable complications of a nose job surgery, so they are not considered warning signs.
Cleaning Nose After Rhinoplasty
Two to four days after rhinoplasty may result in blood discharges from your nasal cavity. These discharges should be gently wiped with a towel or wet wipe. Avoid inserting any object into your nose or holding pressure on the nostrils when cleaning your face. Moreover, avoid blowing your nose for up to a month after rhinoplasty to prevent bleeding.
Rhinoplasty surgeons usually ask patients to use dilute hydrogen peroxide, saline spray, or bulb syringes to clean their noses after the nose surgery. These products can be purchased from the drugstore and are easy to use.
Exercising After Rhinoplasty Surgery
In most patients, it takes approximately six weeks for the nasal bone to heal after rhinoplasty. During this time, you should avoid strenuous exercises, pulling and pushing, lifting heavy objects, etc. Even simple movements such as stretching and bending can increase the swelling of your nose and change its shape. You can gradually start exercising six weeks after rhinoplasty; however, playing basketball and volleyball, diving into the water, or any other sport which may hurt your nose should be avoided for at least a year.
Wearing Glasses After Nose Job
Sunglasses, reading glasses, prescription glasses, or anything that holds pressure on your nose can increase bruising and swelling or even cause a dent. In this case, you will need a revision rhinoplasty. If you have low vision, you can use contact lenses or the lightest frames possible. The splint placed on your nose after the nose surgery can also support your glasses; however, when it is removed from your nose, you cannot use glasses.
Scarring After Nose Job
Scarring after a nose job depends on several factors, the most important of which is skin type. In people with bright and thin skin, the scars usually fade away within two months; however, in patients with dark skin tone, the scars remain a bit longer, and sometimes keloids (extra flesh) develop on the incision site.
Usually, the scars of rhinoplasty disappear after several months, but if your scars are permanent and visible, you can use one of the following treatments:
- Injecting cortisone steroid shots;
- Doing corrective surgery;
- Using silicone sheets or silicone ointments;
- Applying scar creams such as polysporin and bacitracin; and
- Applying creams that contain vitamins A, E, Aloe Vera, collagen, and Vitamin C.
Revision rhinoplasty, also known as corrective rhinoplasty and secondary rhinoplasty, is a nose surgery performed to eliminate nasal deficiencies that were not completely corrected in the initial rhinoplasty. In this surgery, the nostrils are symmetrized, the tip of the nose is repaired, and the deviation of the nasal septum is corrected. Respiratory disorders that have emerged after the first surgery are eliminated, and the dents on the nose are removed. If you are dissatisfied with the outcome of your previous nose job, you can perform a revision rhinoplasty at least a year after the first operation.
In some cases, the surgeon has to get a cartilage graft from the patient's ear or rib to correct and reshape the structure of the nasal tip. Therefore, the recovery period of corrective rhinoplasty is a bit longer. During this period, avoid going to crowded places and do the same things you did after your initial nose job.
Why Doing Rhinoplasty in Iran?
In recent years, rhinoplasty has been done at high rates in Iran, which has made the country a popular destination for rhinoplasty candidates worldwide.
One of the main reasons for a large number of rhinoplasties in Iran is the nasal anatomy of Iranians, which is different from European countries. For this reason, Iranians are more likely than other countries to apply for nose surgery.
In Tehran and several other cities, nose job operation is done by well-trained and skilful surgeons. Iran is a good destination for cosmetic nose surgery because of the high-quality clinics and hospitals, skilled and experienced surgeons, and affordable costs. Over the last few years, some famous foreign celebrities have travelled to Iran for rhinoplasty, which shows that Iran can be regarded as a global rhinoplasty hub.
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Iran Rhinoplasty Cost
You can benefit from all kinds of health services in Iran at a much more reasonable price than in other countries. Nose job surgery is also not very costly in Iran. Raadina Travel Co. offers affordable rhinoplasty packages whose prices vary due to several factors, such as the accommodation type and other services you receive.
To sum up, a nose job is one of the most popular plastic surgeries in the world, which can enhance your beauty to a significant extra; you will achieve the best possible result from nose surgery by carefully following the mentioned guidelines. The first and most crucial step in rhinoplasty is to choose an experienced and knowledgeable surgeon because it can directly affect the result of the operation.
Raadinahealth team, with years of experience in health tourism, can help you choose the best rhinoplasty surgeons in Iran and offers you the most appropriate package for a nose job.
FAQs on Rhinoplasty
1) Does rhinoplasty improve breathing?
Although rhinoplasty is cosmetic surgery, it can improve breathing to a great extent. During the operation, the doctor eliminates the passage through which air flows widen, resulting in the patient's breathing problems.
2) Can I choose the shape of my nose?
In the consulting session before rhinoplasty, the doctor shows you what your nose will be like after the surgery. In this session, you can discuss your expectations from the operation with your surgeon.
3) Does rhinoplasty last forever?
Yes, the results of rhinoplasty are lifelong.
4) Does rhinoplasty help with snoring?
If the cause of snoring is a defect in the structure of the nose, it can be corrected through rhinoplasty.
5) What is the best age to get a nose job?
The ideal age for getting a nose job is between 18 and 40 years old.