What to Do after Embryo Transfer to Increase Success?Fertility Treatment
According to the latest studies, almost one in eight women does not get pregnant the usual way. As a result, assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF are becoming more known worldwide.
IVF is the most used technique of assisted reproduction in which the man's sperm and woman's egg are fertilized in the laboratory, and inject the resulting embryo into the uterus.
If you want to know about care before embryo transfer in IVF, don't miss the RaadinaHealth article "foods to eat before embryo transfer."
What Is IVF and How Is It Done?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a rather complex procedure usually applied to couples who cannot conceive a child through sexual intercourse. In IVF, doctors prescribe ovulation induction medicines to increase follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) production and boost egg production.
In the next step, the sufficiently grown eggs are retrieved from the uterus (follicular puncture) and then transferred to the embryology laboratory to fertilize with sperm. After fertilization, the developed embryo is transferred to the mother's womb using a narrow tube called a catheter.
Why Is IVF Done?
In most cases, IVF is done for couples with certain medical conditions, including:
- Ovulation disorders;
- Damage or obstruction of the fallopian tubes;
- Premature ovarian insufficiency;
- Uterine fibroids;
- Genetic disorders; and
- Abnormal sperm production (Azoospermia).
What to Do After an IVF Transfer?
IVF post-op will increase the chance of successful pregnancy to a great extent. In the following, some of the IVF aftercare are mentioned:
- Take thyroid function test before IVF. Thyroid problems can directly affect your pregnancy and sometimes lead to miscarriage. If you have a thyroid problem, consult your doctor before the embryo transfer and, if necessary, take thyroid medications;
- Take all the prescribed medications on time and do not cut or increase any medication yourself. You may feel bloated due to taking progesterone-containing medications. If this feeling is unbearable to you, get help from your doctor.
- Most patients experience minor bleeding after IVF, and that's normal. But, if your bleeding is severe and continues for an extended period, contact your doctor right away;
- It is recommended not to have sex after IVF as it may cause infection and contraction;
- Although stress does not affect the success or failure of IVF, it is better to do yoga and meditate to reduce your stress.
- Have a proper diet. Eating fruit, vegetable, and foods rich in calcium, protein, vitamin B, and iron can minimize your digestive discomfort and enhance your general health;
- Avoid being exposed to chemicals and radiation. Some substances can pass through the placenta and can easily cause miscarriage;
- Avoid contact with people who have colds, chicken pox, flu, and rubella;
- Avoid doing heavy exercises;
- Stay hydrated;
- Do not climb the stairs as much as possible;
- Stay away from harmful radiation; and
- Avoid taking birth control pills.
What to Eat after the Embryo Transfer?
An appropriate diet after embryo transfer is essential and can significantly impact this method's success rate. A healthy diet and average weight can make your pregnancy more accessible and enjoyable.
Foods that should include in your diet after the embryo transfer are chicken and fish, cereals, legumes such as beans, peas, lentils, fruit, fresh vegetable, etc.
Foods to Avoid After Embryo Transfer
Also, do not eat leftovers, too much sugar, processed food, canned food, alcoholic beverages, caffeine, and foods containing mercury from the day of embryo transfer. If your doctor suggests, take a multivitamin with folic acid every day.
Exercising After IVF
Many patients think they shouldn't do any physical activity after IVF; however, you should know that you can maintain a healthy BMI by doing light exercises during this period. As a result, your uterus will have a better condition for holding the embryo. The best physical activity after embryo transfer is walking for an hour daily.
On the other hand, you should avoid heavy exercises such as cycling and running for seven days because these activities can transfer blood flow from the uterus to other parts of the body, resulting in the thickening of the uterine endometrium and endangering the embryo.
Having Sex After IVF
It is recommended not to have sex until you receive the result of your pregnancy test. Sex can cause uterine contractions and infection, which can interfere with the embryo's implantation in the uterus.
Medication After IVF Embryo Transfer
It is essential to take your prescribed medications on time; each has been prescribed for a specific reason and to treat a particular disease. Some of the medicines that patients should take after embryo transfer include:
- Thyroid drugs for patients with thyroid problems;
- Steroid meds for patients with specific diseases such as lupus and asthma;
- Antidepressants for women who have depression or anxiety disorder; and
- Supplements contain vitamin D (to prevent the embryo from developing autism) and folic acid (to prevent brain damage and spine disorders).
Bleeding & Spotting After IVF
Most patients experience bleeding and spotting after IVF, especially after egg retrieval and embryo transfer. The good news is that light bleeding or spotting is often a sign of pregnancy. However, if the bleeding continues for days, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Bathing After Embryo Transfer
You can take a bath three days after embryo transfer; however, you should be careful that the water should not be too hot. Also, using a Jacuzzi and sauna (due to high heat), swimming pools, and spa will harm you and the embryo, so avoiding them for at least three weeks after IVF is recommended.
Staying In Bed After Embryo Transfer
Usually, the doctors ask the patients to rest at home for almost five days after IVF. According to the latest investigations, absolute rest is not recommended after IVF because having no physical activity can increase the risk of blood clotting and may cut the embryo's blood supply.
So, if you do not feel tired, you do not need to spend the whole day in bed. During the IVF process, consider the mentioned cares, keep calm, and think positively.
Housework After Embryo Transfer
Recent studies show no evidence that bed rest for 14 days will increase the chance of pregnancy after IVF. You have to rest just a couple of days after embryo transfer and no more. Most physicians suggest that doing household chores such as cooking and vacuuming as well as gardening, pushing the buggy, and even doing moderate exercises at home can reduce stress and regulate blood circulation, all of which lead to successful conceiving after embryo transfer.
Sleeping Positions after Embryo Transfer
As was mentioned before, you can resume your everyday life after embryo transfer. The embryo needs a ready uterus and a thick lining to be implanted; so you can sleep and loll in any comfortable position. However, some doctors believe that placing a pillow under the legs can increase blood flow in the pelvic area and help the embryo's implantation.
Climbing Stairs after IVF Transfer
Avoid climbing stairs as much as possible for two days after IVF transfer. After that, if you are in good condition and are not spotting or bleeding, you can gently walk up and down the stairs and take a break when you are out of breath. Using stairs after embryo transfer is not a problem; however, you should avoid running, jogging, and jumping on the stairs, as these activities will increase your heart rate and body temperature at once.
Lab Tests After IVF
After IVF, you need to take several lab tests such as hormone tests, tests of ovaries and fallopian tubes, hepatitis B surface antigen, and syphilis (RPR). Finally, two weeks after embryo transfer, a beta pregnancy test is taken to confirm the pregnancy.
To summarize, embryo transfer is the last step in the IVF process. The success of this treatment depends on several factors, such as the quality of the embryo, the health condition of the mother, and IVF post-op care.
Iran is considered one of the leading countries in providing medical services, especially fertility treatments, with higher success rates than the world average.
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You can use IVF or other assisted reproductive techniques in Iran at a lower price and higher quality than in other countries. Begin here to create your own IVF package and find out about the cities you can choose and how long you have to spend in Iran to complete your treatment.