What to Do After IVF Embryo Transfer?Fertility Treatment
According to the latest studies, almost one in eight women does not get pregnant in the usual way. As a result, assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF are becoming more known throughout the world. IVF is the most used technique of assisted reproduction in which the man's sperm and woman's egg are fertilized in the laboratory and the resulting embryo is injected into the uterus.
What Is IVF and How Is It Done?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a rather complex procedure which is usually applied for couples who cannot conceive a child by sexual intercourse. In IVF, ovulation induction medications are first prescribed to increase the production of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and boost egg production. In the next step, the sufficiently grown eggs are retrieved from the uterus and then, they are transferred to the embryology laboratory to get fertilized with sperm. After fertilization, the developed embryo is transferred to mother’s womb using a narrow tube called catheter.
Why Is IVF Done?
In most cases, IVF is done for the couples with certain medical conditions including:
- Ovulation disorders;
- Damage or obstruction of the fallopian tubes;
- Premature ovarian insufficiency;
- Uterine fibroids;
- Genetic disorders; and
- Abnormal sperm production.
IVF Post-op Care
IVF post-op cares will increase the chance of successful pregnancy to a great extent. The need for taking care during pregnancy with IVF is more than a normal pregnancy because if pregnancy with IVF fails, it is possible that the couple get infertile forever. In the following, some of the IVF aftercares are mentioned:
- Take thyroid function test before IVF. Thyroid problems can directly affect your pregnancy and sometimes they lead to miscarriage. If you have thyroid problem, consult your doctor before the embryo transfer and, if necessary, take thyroid medications;
- Take all the prescribed medications on time and do not cut or increase any medication by yourself. You may feel bloated due to taking progesterone-containing medications. If this feeling is unbearable to you, get help from your doctor.
- Most patients experience minor bleeding after IVF and that’s normal. But, if your bleeding is severe and continues for a long period of time, contact your doctor right away;
- It is recommended not to have sex after IVF as it may cause infection and contraction;
- Although stress has no effect on the success or failure of IVF, it is better to do yoga and madidate to reduce your stress.
Diet after IVF
Having an appropriate diet after embryo transfer is very important and can have a great impact on the success rate of this method. Having a normal weight and a healthy diet can make your pregnancy easier and more enjoyable. Foods that should be included in your diet after embryo transfer include chicken and fish, cereals, legumes such as beans, peas and lentil, fruit, fresh vegetable, etc.
Also, do not eat leftovers, too much sugar, processed food, canned food, alcoholic beverages, caffeine, and foods containing mercury from the day of embryo transfer. If your doctor suggests, take a multivitamin with folic acid every day.
Taking Medicine after IVF
It is very important to take your prescribed medications on time; Each of these meds has been prescribed for a specific reason and to treat a certain disease. Some of the medications that should be taken after embryo transfer include:
- Thyroid drugs for patients with thyroid problems;
- Steroid meds for patients with certain diseases such as lupus and asthma;
- Antidepressant for women who have depression or anxiety disorder; and
- Supplements containing vitamin D (to prevent the embryo from developing autism) and folic acid (to prevent brain damage and spine disorders).
Bleeding after IVF
Most patients experience bleeding and spotting after IVF, specially right after egg retrieval and embryo transfer. The good news is that, light bleeding or spotting is often the sign of pregnancy. However, if bleeding continued for days, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Staying in Bed after Embryo Transfer
Usually, the doctors ask the patients to rest at home for almost 5 days after IVF. According to the latest investigations, absolute rest is not recommended after IVF because having no physical activity can increase the risk of blood clotting and may cut the blood supply of the embryo. So, if you do not feel tired, you do not need to spend the whole day in bed. During the IVF process, consider the mentioned cares, keep calm, and think positively.
Lab Tests after IVF
After IVF, you need to take several lab tests such as hormone tests, test of ovaries and fallopian tubes, hepatitis B surface antigen, and syphilis (RPR). Finally, two weeks after embryo transfer, beta pregnancy test is taken to confirm the pregnancy.
To sum up what has been told, embryo transfer is the last step in the IVF process. The success of this treatment depends on several factors such as the quality of embryo, health condition of the mother, and IVF post-op cares.
Iran is considered one of the leading countries in providing medical services, especially fertility treatments with higher success rates than the world average. You can use of IVF or other assisted reproductive techniques in Iran with a lower price and higher quality compared to other countries. Begin here to create your own IVF package and find out about the cities you can choose and how long you have to spend in Iran to complete your treatment.