PCOS Treatment Diet: Best Foods for Getting PregnantFertility Treatment
Ovarian disorders are among the leading causes of female infertility. About 70% of women with fertility problems have ovarian disorders. Diet is one of the most significant factors that can affect ovarian function.
Studies show that high-sugar foods can cause PCOS, resulting in female infertility. The reason is that eating sugary foods causes an increase in insulin levels in the body, which is one of the main symptoms of PCOS.
Therefore, doctors recommend that women with POCS improve their ovarian health and fertility by exercising regularly and having a healthy diet. It can be said that many factors can contribute to PCOS management, including having a healthy diet, maintaining a normal weight, doing regular exercise, and taking certain drugs.
What to Eat in the PCOS Diet?
Following a healthy diet and lifestyle can greatly help prevent or treat PCO. Anti-inflammatory foods such as tomatoes, spices such as turmeric, leafy and fibre-rich vegetables, olive oil, fatty fish, etc., can aid in improving mild Inflammatory PCOS. Healthy fats such as omega-3 and sources like avocados, oily fish, nuts, and seeds are also effective in managing PCOS.
Low-fat Dairy Products
Consuming high-fat dairy products can cause PCOS. However, this does not mean that women should avoid all types of fat. Although unsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids, unlike trans fats and saturated fats, are essential for the body's health. Foods rich in healthy fats are avocados, nuts, seeds, oily fish, etc.
Foods Rich in Antioxidants
Antioxidants such as folic acid improve male and female fertility. Folic acid and vitamin B12 can prevent disorders of central nervous system (CNS) development. Folic acid strengthens the CNS, and vitamin B9 reinforces the immune system against heart diseases, osteoporosis, birth defects, breast cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Studies show that daily consumption of 5 grams of walnut, which is rich in antioxidants, improves the quality and quantity of sperm and thus will increase the chances of pregnancy.
Fruits, dark leafy greens, nuts, etc., are good sources of antioxidants.
As non-organic chickens are raised in dense and closed sheds and do not take organic feed, it is recommended that women with PCOS eat chickens with organic labels.
Regularly eating breakfast can eliminate the hormonal imbalance in polycystic ovary syndrome. Consuming more calories in breakfast for women with PCOS who are at normal weight can reduce the insulin level by 8% and the testosterone level by 50%, improving female fertility.
A low-carb diet can cause weight loss, decreased insulin levels, and regular periods.
High Fiber Foods for PCOS
Fibre can stabilize insulin levels and blood sugar. Women with PCOS should take 10 grams of fibre daily to reduce the risk of female infertility.
Animal-Based Protein Sources
Animal-based protein sources are essential in the PCOS diet. The reason is that the proteins in animal foods, such as meat, fish, and eggs, are absorbed more easily compared to plant-based protein sources, such as nuts and beans.
How Can I Keep my Ovaries Healthy?
Quinces are known to be warm. This fruit strengthens the uterus and ovaries and can prevent miscarriage. However, quinces are not recommended to be eaten raw.
Green beans are good sources of vitamins and minerals that can improve the function of the uterus and the ovaries.
Maca plant is rich in phytonutrients and minerals. Maca root can increase the quality of eggs and sperm, stabilize hormonal balance, and increase libido. This popular supplement is available in different forms, like capsules and powders. It is also used in chocolate production.
Honey and cinnamon
Cinnamon is an insulin sensitizer, so combining it with honey can help improve PCOS.
Daily intake of cloves can make the ovaries stronger and improve ovulation.
Celery and leeks
Vegetables like celery and leeks are warm and can strengthen the uterus and ovaries.
Fennel can significantly affect curing abdominal and uterine pain, regulating ovulation rate, cleansing the uterus, balancing hormones, keeping the reproductive system healthy, and preventing cervical and uterine cancer.
Legumes and lentils
Beans and lentils are great sources of iron. These legumes can provide the body with minerals and vitamins necessary for fertility.
Almost everyone knows the properties of sesame. With their saturated fats, sesame seeds help the body produce certain hormones. Consuming sesame seed paste (Tahini) or combining sesame seeds with salads and cereals can improve the quality of eggs.
Olive oil is rich in healthy monounsaturated fats and can reduce body inflammation and increase fertility.
Green leafy vegetables
Green leafy vegetables, like kale and spinach, are rich sources of iron, calcium, folic acid, vitamin A, and manganese and can help improve ovulation.
Garlic is a healing substance and cures many diseases. Garlic consumption has significant effects on producing and strengthening sperm and improving eggs.
Green tea can improve reproductive function in women with polycystic ovary syndrome by stimulating binding globulin.
Mint has long been known for its medicinal properties. Drinking mint herbal tea twice daily for several weeks can significantly affect the treatment of PCOS.
Fish can effectively increase fertility. Fish omega-3 also plays an important role in treating polycystic ovary syndrome by reducing male hormone levels in women and boosting insulin sensitivity.
Ginger has been known as one of the most effective herbs for increasing libido in many traditional medicines, especially in Chinese medicine.
What Fruits to Eat with PCOS?
Fruits are rich in fibre and vitamins. Therefore, they can provide the essential nutrients to combat the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome. Some people remove fruits from their diet because of their sugar content and insulin levels. However, many dark red fruits, such as cherries, plums, apricots, grapes, etc., have a low GI, so consuming them does not increase blood sugar levels.
Including two to three servings of fruits per day (not dried fruit and fruit juice) in the PCOS diet as a home remedy and increasing eating vegetables to get more fibre, antioxidants, and minerals.
It should be noted that eating nuts as snack foods can adjust the glucose level. Chromium is also an important mineral that can control blood sugar and insulin levels. Consuming foods like whole grains, broccoli, and nuts can increase complex carbohydrates in the body.
What Foods to Avoid with PCOS?
Caffeine causes hormonal imbalance, increases the possibility of miscarriage, and disrupts ovulation;
Sugary, carbonated, and pasteurized juices
These foods contain concentrated sugar that causes hormonal imbalance;
Soy has properties that are very similar to estrogen, so its excessive consumption may cause hormonal imbalance;
Genetically modified (GM) foods
These foods reduce the number of sperm and may cause infertility. Therefore, it is recommended to pay attention to the non-GMO label on foods and preferably eat organic and natural foods;
Foods that cause inflammation
These foods include red or processed meat, butter, and fried potatoes;
Sugar and sugar cubes
These compounds contain carbohydrates, are available in fructose, sucrose, dextrose and sweet drinks, and should be removed from the PCOS diet.
Carbohydrates can be found in cakes, pastries, potatoes, sweet desserts, foods made from white flour, and bran-free bread;
Noodles and pasta
These types of food are low in fibre but high in carbohydrates. They are also often prepared from white flour and semolina. Therefore, they should be omitted from the PCOS diet.
What Are the Supplements & Vitamins for PCOS?
Here are the best supplements that can help women with PCOS.
- Pregnancy multivitamins reduce the effect of PCOS symptoms and improve ovulation;
- Chromium; which is found in foods such as tomatoes, onions, bran, whole grains, and oysters; boosts insulin sensitivity and can help control blood sugar;
- Vitamin D can improve glucose metabolism and make menstruation regular. This vitamin is found in foods such as eggs, dairy products, high-fat yogurt, tuna, and salmon. Sun exposure is also a natural source of vitamin D.
- Calcium; found in cabbage, kale, mustard, and turnips; plays an important role in body health and helps increase fertility;
- Vitamin E is an antioxidant that scavenges free radicals that can damage cells. It can be found in hazelnuts, almonds, peanuts, olive oil, sunflower seeds, sweet potatoes, wheat germ, and avocados;
- B Vitamins, including vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), and vitamin B3 (niacin), can strengthen male and female sexual power. Vitamin B3 helps increase sex drive during intercourse. Vitamin B12 aids in producing sex hormones. Vitamin B6 also increases female fertility by preventing high prolactin levels (a factor that reduces sexual desire). Vitamin B sources include legumes, salmon, bread, whole grains, eggs, low-fat meat, nuts, bananas, and broccoli.
The Best Diet for Managing PCOS Symptoms
Good nutrition can strengthen the ovaries and the uterus, improve ovulation, and increase fertility. A healthy diet can regulate female hormones. Certain vitamins, such as vitamin C, antioxidants, and minerals, are essential for female fertility.
The three best diets for improving polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are as follows:
The DASH Diet
The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stopping Hypertension) diet includes large amounts of fruits, vegetables, poultry, fish, low-fat dairy products, and whole grains. In addition to lowering the risk of heart disease, the DASH diet prevents high blood pressure. This diet effectively improves PCOS by preventing consuming foods containing high-saturated fat and sugar.
PCOS Anti-inflammatory Diet
Eating anti-inflammatory foods such as olive oil, fatty fish, leafy greens, and berries can reduce many PCOS inflammation-related symptoms, such as fatigue.
Low-Glycemic Index (Low-GI) Diet
Foods with a low glycemic index are digested slowly. Therefore, they do not raise insulin levels and can manage PCOS effectively. These foods include nuts, legumes, seeds, whole grains, starchy vegetables, fruits, and other low-carb processed foods.
There is no treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, it is possible for women with PCOS to lower their symptoms by following a healthy diet and improving their lifestyle.
Being at a healthy weight and eating healthy fats, animal-based proteins, and consuming low-GI carbohydrates can help women manage PCOS.