Sperm Donation in Iran


Iran is one of the world’s major countries that has taken great steps in field of fertility treatment. Having taken advantage of advanced and up-to-date medical centers, skilled physicians, and lower treatment costs compared with other countries, Iran has been considered a popular destination for receiving fertility treatment services by foreign infertile couples.

Sperm donation is one of the third-party reproduction methods for male fertility problems. If you seek to go through a sperm donation process in Iran, we will provide you with comprehensive information of this method and offer the best fertility treatment centers as well as best specialists.

What Is Sperm Donation?

Sperm donation is the only treatment for zero sperm count, also known as azoospermia, and helps the infertile couples to experience the enjoyable feeling of being parents.

Using a Sperm Donor to Get Pregnant

In this method, semen is provided from a third party or a sperm donor and the woman receives it through intrauterine insemination (IUI). This process of third-party reproduction can also be done through in vitro fertilization (IVF) in which the embryo resulting from artificial insemination in a laboratory transfers to the woman’s uterus.

Who Is a Candidate for Using a Sperm Donor?

The use of sperm donation method is recommended in cases where the male sperm does not have adequate quantity and quality to fertilize the woman’s egg. This method can also be used when the semen analysis shows azoospermia or no sperm in the ejaculate.

استفاده از روش های کمک باروری از راههای درمان اسپرم صفر برای بارداری
Read more: Treatments for Azoospermia (No Sperm Count)


In general, the physician prescribes the sperm donation method under the following conditions:

  • Failure of other procedures to obtain sperm from a man;
  • Inefficiency of sperm retrieved from a man;
  • In cases the male partner has an incurable inherited disease;
  • In cases the male partner has a chromosomal abnormality;


Sperm Donation in Iran

Legal Conditions for Using Donor Sperm

In most cases, the sperm sample is taken from the sperm bank and the donor has no information about the infertile couple receiving it. in this method, the intended parents can get the full custody of their child with the help of a lawyer. It should be noted that the resulting child will not inherit from the donor.

Sperm Donor Health Recruitment

To be a sperm donor, one should have some qualifications include:

  • Not Having Genetic and Infectious Diseases

The sperm donor should follow a healthy lifestyle; so, those men who have diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, cancer, diabetes, chronic fatigue as well as genetic disorders such as cystic fibrosis, anemia, hemophilia, and pneumonia are not allowed to be a donor. The mentioned diseases may affect the quantity and quality of sperm.

Sperm Donation Process in Iran


  • Age

The sperm donor must be aged between 18 and 35 years old. The age of 40 and more affect the sperm motility.

  • Medical Record

People who have been adopted cannot be a donor. This is due to the fact that they are often unaware of the medical history of their biological parents.

  • Taking Blood Test Periodically

In order to check the donor whether he is in a good health condition, the doctor will periodically prescribe blood tests for him.

  • Sperm Quality and Quantity

A donor semen analysis must contain at least 70% of progressively motile sperm and 60% of sperm in healthy morphology.

  • Not Having Mental Illness

People with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder cannot be a sperm donor. These kind of mental illnesses can be heritable.

  • Being Married or Single

To be a sperm donor, it is not important if the man is married or single.

Sperm Donor Screening

  • Semen Analysis (Spermogram);
  • Blood Typing Test (ABO typing);
  • Hepatitis B and C testing;
  • Genetic testing;
  • STD testing (sexually transmitted diseases).

A sperm donor is usually advised not to have sex or ejaculate for one week before sperm donation in order to increase sperm count.

Genetic Issues in Sperm Donation

In sperm donation process the fetus will be genetically connected to intended mother and sperm donor. Therefore, the doctor tries to find a sperm donor whose appearance characteristics resemble the infertile couple.

Sperm Donation in Islam

Sperm Donation Process in Iran

At first, the sperm donor is asked to masturbate in order to deliver his semen sample to the laboratory. The semen sample gets frozen and stored in the sperm bank for 6 months. After this period, the donor is asked to repeat the diagnostic test for infectious diseases. If the test result is negative, the person will be accepted as a sperm donor. After that, according to the concordance of physical characteristics of the couple and the sperm donor, the donor is asked to go to the infertility center on a special day to donate his sperm sample.

The sperm donation process does not endanger the donor’s health if he completes pre-donation tests and in the case the results of the tests are approved by a doctor.

Success Rate of Sperm Donation

The highest success rates for sperm donation are reported in women who are under 35 years old and have no fertility problem. In most cases, the success rates of donor sperm vary from 60-80% which is influenced by the method used in sperm donation. For example, the success rates of IUI is relatively less than IVF.

A donor semen analysis must contain at least 70% of progressively motile sperm and 60% of sperm in healthy morphology


Using a Sperm Donor to Get Pregnant

The donor sperm is used in two methods of IUI and IVF:

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

After identifying the time of the ovulation by a doctor, the female partner receives the donor sperm around the time that the ovary releases one or more eggs. In this method, first, the ovulation cycle of the female partner is determined by a doctor and then, the donor sperm will be injected into the woman’s uterus on the day of ovulation. In some cases, to increase the chance of impregnation, the doctor prescribes ovarian stimulants. As a result, the ovary releases more than one egg on the ovulation day.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In this method of third-party reproduction, the physician increases the number of mature eggs by using ovarian stimulation drugs. Then, before the mature eggs are released from the ovary, they are removed through an operation and get fertilized in the laboratory with the sperms of the donor. Finally, the embryo is transferred into the woman’s uterus.

Sperm Donor Screening

Sperm Donation in Islam

There is disagreement among Islamic scholars about the use of sperm donation method. Both Shiite and Sunni scholars have held various opinions on the matter. Most of Sunni scholars agreed that sperm donation is not permitted in Islam. On the other hand, according to a group of Shiite scholars, the process is permissible only in a case the donor and intended mother temporarily marry each other for a short period of time without even have to see each other. So, you can refer to the fatwā of your marji’ taqlīd to know his opinion about using sperm donation. Despite all the disagreements, Shiite scholars have one common opinion on sperm donation issue. They all believe that if the child resulting from the fertilization of an egg with a donor sperm is a girl, she will be mahram to his non-biological father.

Sperm Donation Cost in Iran

If you decide to go through sperm donation process in Iran, you may consider three weeks or more spending in Iran. The cost for sperm donation vary from person to person. If you want to gain more information about the cost of Sperm Donation process in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from raadinahealth consultants.

Sperm Donation Cost in Iran


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