There are many different causes for infertility some of which relates to women and some to men. However, in some cases the cause of infertility associates with both man and woman. Infertility may also occur for unexplained causes, e.g., when the couple does not have any problem and the situation is completely normal but they cannot get pregnant
One of the main reasons for female infertility is uterine tube issues, including; the fallopian tubes obstruction or hydrosalpinx, i.e., the swollen and fluid-filled tube. Tubal factor infertility occurs when the blocked uterine tubes prevent the egg and sperm to meet.
Endometriosis refers to the abnormal growth of uterine tissue outside the uterus. Usually, endometriosis grows on the pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, small and large intestine, appendix, and the dividing wall of the anus and vagina.
Endometriosis is a complex disease of the female reproductive system in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the womb. This disease can cause pain and various gynecological problems.
Hysteroscopy is a simple and minimally invasive procedure that can diagnose or/and treat female uterine disorders. This diagnostic treatment method is usually performed under general anesthesia, during which the doctor inserts a hysteroscope (a thin tube with a small camera) into the vagina to examine the possible disorders of the cervix, vagina, and uterus.
In today’s world, about 1% of pregnancies are ectopic. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube (the tube that connects the ovary to the uterus).
Surrogacy is a form of third-party reproduction in which a woman agrees to carry a pregnancy for an infertile couple who cannot conceive a child for medical reasons.