A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of some or all of the uterus. It is second most common major procedure following cesarean section gynecological surgeries that is performed in women to treat various conditions, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, abnormal uterine bleeding, chronic pelvic pain, and certain types of cancer.
Pregnancy, as a significant period of women life, includes a series of pre-pregnancy care measures, one of which is strengthening the uterus for pregnancy and fetal growth. After the formation of the embryo in the uterus, the uterus will be the place of storage and growth of the fetus for 9 months. Strengthening the uterus for pregnancy can reduce risks such as miscarriage or premature birth.
There are many different causes for infertility some of which relates to women and some to men. However, in some cases the cause of infertility associates with both man and woman. Infertility may also occur for unexplained causes, e.g., when the couple does not have any problem and the situation is completely normal but they cannot get pregnant
One of the main reasons for female infertility is uterine tube issues, including; the fallopian tubes obstruction or hydrosalpinx, i.e., the swollen and fluid-filled tube. Tubal factor infertility occurs when the blocked uterine tubes prevent the egg and sperm to meet.
Endometriosis refers to the abnormal growth of uterine tissue outside the uterus. Usually, endometriosis grows on the pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, small and large intestine, appendix, and the dividing wall of the anus and vagina.
Endometriosis is a complex disease of the female reproductive system in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the womb. This disease can cause pain and various gynecological problems.
Hysteroscopy is a simple and minimally invasive procedure that can diagnose or/and treat female uterine disorders. This diagnostic treatment method is usually performed under general anesthesia, during which the doctor inserts a hysteroscope (a thin tube with a small camera) into the vagina to examine the possible disorders of the cervix, vagina, and uterus.
In today’s world, about 1% of pregnancies are ectopic. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube (the tube that connects the ovary to the uterus).