A uterine polyp is a tissue developed on the endometrium lining. Large polyps lead to infertility as the embryo cannot attach to the embryo and grow naturally. Factors like hormonal disorders, advanced age, genetics, elevated blood pressure, etc., cause uterine polyps. This health issue can be treated by taking hormonal medications or hysterectomy.
Hysterectomy has four types: total, partial, radical, and total, with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Based on the type and severity of her health issue, the surgeon decides to perform this operation either vaginally, laparoscopically, or abdominally. Most patients experience pain, fatigue, bleeding and spotting, digestive problems, menopause symptoms, and mild depression after hysterectomy.
Having a healthy uterus is an important factor in the development of a fetus as it nourishes the baby and keeps it from harmful waste. To make your womb healthy before pregnancy, it is necessary to exercise regularly, control your weight, get checkups frequently, and have your medications adjusted.
Irregular menstruation and hormonal problems that lead to hair loss or sudden weight gain are the main symptoms of female infertility. Factors like age, premature menopause, low-quality eggs, problems in the reproductive system, endometriosis, infection, etc., are the leading causes of female infertility.
The fallopian tubes may be blocked due to endometriosis, STI, ruptured appendixes, pelvic inflammatory diseases, etc. Sometimes, a blocked fallopian tube has no sign, but in most cases, it is accompanied by pain, abnormal discharges, infertility, pelvic pain, and prolonged spotting or bleeding.
To treat endometriosis and eliminate its symptoms like abdominal pain, digestive problems, and infertility, you should change your lifestyle, take hormonal and pain medications, and get surgical treatments, including laparoscopy, laparotomy, and hysterectomy.
The severity of endometriosis symptoms depends on its stage. The main signs of endometriosis include painful and irregular menstruation, pain when urinating, intestinal disorders, pain during or after sexual intercourse, spotting between periods, painful bowel movements, etc.
Hysteroscopy before IVF is done to examine the reproductive system or scratch the endometrium to increase the chance of implantation. In this operation, the surgeon inserts a hysteroscope into the vagina to monitor the reproductive tracts and performs therapeutic actions on it.
Ectopic pregnancy is a dangerous situation as it can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tube(s) and jeopardize the mother's life. Severe bleeding, sharp pain in the stomach and anus, pain in the neck and shoulders, pale skin, low blood pressure, and vomiting are the first and most important signs of ectopic pregnancy.
Laparoscopy is done to either find the cause of infertility or to treat the reproductive system. In this operation, the surgeon makes a small cut near the belly button and pumps carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen to have better operative space and visualization. Then, a surgical laparoscope is inserted in the abdomen to examine the organs or take samples from them. In the last step, the incisions are sutured and bandaged.